The Pisa Cathedral marks the zenith of the architectural power of Pisa at the time of its creation by having bits from the Islamic, Byzantine, Lombard-Emilian, and classical architecture. Lying peacefully in the Piazza dei Miracoli (Miracle Square), it gleams in multi-colors, courtesy of the different types of marbles that it is adorned with, especially cosmatesque marble.
Unlike the exterior, the cathedral’s interior depicts much more decorations and ornamentations.
The Romanesque façade of the cathedral is made of pastel-colored marble that is designed divinely by the students of Giambolongna.
While the three doors leading inside were constructed or cast after the deadly fire of 1595, an original door “The Door of San Ranieri” designed by Bonnano Pisano still stands and provides a way in from the southern transept.
The interior of the cathedral has a mixture of the Renaissance and Medieval architecture. This mixture has been a result of the fire of 1595.
After the destruction of most of the Medieval parts of the cathedral, they were rebuilt in the Renaissance style as it was popular back then.
The surviving Medieval pieces include Tomb of Emperor Henry VII, originally sculpted by Tino di Camaino, and the pulpit by Giovanni Pisano, which has been recently placed in its original place after being found dismantled.
Related: Three Landmarks to See in Pisa
The bronze lamp hanging near the pulpit is believed to inspire Galileo to formulate the law of the pendulum.
Although the original piece has been replaced with a smaller counterpart, the place and the position of the lamp is the same.
The interior of the cathedral much like any other cathedrals in Italy is teeming with bronze and gilded statues, paintings, and mosaics of angels and evangelists.
For example, there are bronze angels created by Giambologna right to the sides of the entrance, St. Agnes with Her Lamb painted by Andrea del Sarto and placed in the entrance to the pier.
There’s also a large crucifix adorning the altar and the mosaics of Christ Pancrator present in the apse.
The Pisa Cathedral is indeed a work of art inspired by and mingled with sheer religious devotion. If you seek to see Pisa in its true sense should visit it without a second thought.
The best hostel I’ve stayed in Italy is Hostel Pisa. It’s a bit pricey (not your regular hostel price) but it’s worth it for a night of stay. There’s really not much to do in the city, except the area around where the leaning tower is. The hostel is clean and the staff are amazing. They have a restaurant/cafe that turns into a bar at night. They’ve got a small souvenir shop, too. Wifi connection is ok all over the hostel and they have a small elevator. It would take 20-30 minutes walk to the leaning tower, passing through a bridge and seeing numerous local shops. I’d recommend you to walk because it’s a great way to get to know the city and its people.